The Do’s and Don’ts of Inviting and Accepting

I have been thinking about writing this article for a long time, after having experienced many humorous and not-so-humorous episodes at the milonga. Many of us get caught up in learning the steps of the tango and then we get to the milonga and we don’t know that there are certain unwritten rules about inviting and accepting or declining dances. While the ‘cabeceo’ – or inviting people to dance with eye contact and a nod – is alive and well in Buenos Aires, we live in North America and as such our customs have to adapt. (It would be great if the cabeceo were used here because it empowers both men and especially women to dance with the partners they most want to dance with. But the thing is, the cabeceo only works when everyone does it.) Therefore, I’ve put together a list of “rules” that, if somewhat adhered to, will make the milonga enjoyable for men and ladies alike.


The first and last tango of the milonga experience have a significant meaning in the mind of a milonguero/a. Ideally, you’d want to start off on the right foot; you’d want to begin dancing with a capable and smooth partner in order to prepare for the long night of dancing that lies ahead. But just as a good partner will raise you to the next level, a horrible partner will knock you down a few notches. The saying among milongueros is that it takes two good partners in a row to knock out the effects of one bad one. Therefore, be careful about who you accept or invite as your first partner. The last tanda (a set of tangos) also has a significance. In Buenos Aires, it is said that you usually dance the last tanda with your lover or a potential lover. I take a more casual approach to this rule and I think that one should dance that last tanda with their significant other unless agreed otherwise. If you are single, then it’s open game whom to dance with. However if you are dancing with someone whom you know has a significant other at the milonga, and the last tanda is announced, it is a nice courtesy to ask them if they need to go dance with that other person.


Typical scenario: a lady is sitting down at a milonga and is approached by a gentleman who then invites her to dance. Rather than reject him outright, she says ‘no, not right now’, that she is tired, taking a break, waiting for a friend, etc. Instead of walking away, the guy decides to SIT DOWN BESIDE HER and wait for her to be ready to dance with him! This man has just committed what I call “babysitting”. I have seen both ladies and gentlemen commit this fiendish act. When someone says no, it means that you should stay away from him/her for a certain period of time. This leads me to the next rule.


After discussing this with many milogueros and milongueras, I’ve come to the following conclusion. No means “No for a Little While”. If you have been rejected, you cannot invite the same person to dance again at the beginning of the next tanda! Only after 2, 5, maybe more tandas later can you consider asking that person to dance again. Don’t be a Stalker. Often times the person who rejected you may even track you down to claim that dance later on when they are ready — that is if they were truly tired in the first place.


Rejecting someone does bring a consequence along with it. This is the rule that if you reject someone for a tango, you cannot dance that same tango with someone better who comes along. You have to, at least, wait for the next song or preferably for the next tanda. You can think of those minutes of waiting time as being in hockey’s “penalty box”. Sometimes this is a double-edged sword because let’s say you are in the “penalty box” but then a really amazing dancer who never asks you to dance finally asks you. You know that if you turn them down then you may never get your chance again, but if you say yes you will look like a jerk in the eyes of the first person that asked you (and then THEY may cease asking)! Sometimes you just can’t win…


I’ve seen old black and white movies where a Clark Gable or an Errol Flynn type will cut in between the beautiful, young starlet of the movie and her lame-duck partner who audiences forget about seconds later. Well, that only happens in the movies. I’m pretty sure that “Cutting in” is banned in all milongas in all the countries in the world. Back when I was a beginner, I once had someone kindly ask me if they could “cut-in”. I kindly cursed them and their family in my mind. That’s how serious it is! Invitations to dance happen during the cortinas (the minute of ambient music that is played between the tandas) not when 2 people are standing and talking between the songs in a tanda. PERIOD.


A DJ will usually play 3 or 4 songs of the same orchestra or style followed by a one minute cortina. This “set” is called a tanda. It is only when we want to stop dancing with our partner that we say “thank you”. Do not make the mistake of saying “thank you” after every tango. Try to wait until the end of the tanda. If we do not wait until the end, then we are conveying a message. Here is a quick breakdown of the “messages”:

We danced 4 songs: That was nice/ I enjoyed it/ Let’s do it again in the near future, etc. etc.

We danced 3 songs: It was ok/ Sorry, my feet hurt/ Yikes! My ride home is leaving, gotta go!

We danced 2 songs: I’ve humored you long enough/ You need to take more lessons/ I thought the first bad tango was my fault, but now I see that its your fault

We danced 1 song: It’s just not happening/ Maybe you should just sit and watch for a while/ Please don’t ask me to dance at this milonga again

I truly believe that when women start using their power of declining dances and sending messages, then that is when the leaders will start working to improve their dance. It has to be a system of checks and balances. If we allow mediocre leaders to dance with amazing followers and vice versa, then why would they want to get better? I remember an argument that a friend and I had a long time ago. She was upset because a horrible leader basically manhandled her for a whole tanda and made her look and feel bad. I witnessed the whole thing and I didn’t like what this leader did, but I also didn’t like that my friend was too nice not to end the carnage early!! Ladies, please use your power to say “no” to bad dances. It is better to sit all night, enjoy the music, and have a good conversation than to be dragged around the milonga floor like Hector was by Achilles after being slain in the movie “Troy”. There were many times in my tango infancy that I was rejected by good followers. I never took it personally. It only served to make me better.

I’m not saying you shouldn’t dance with beginners. Everyone should do a dance or two with beginners at the milonga and look at it as ‘community service’ and make them feel welcome. But there is a difference between a beginner, and a bad dancer who just never ‘gets it’. There are a number of guys at any given milonga who have been dancing for a long time, they maul the ladies, and they never have any incentive to get better because they get all the dances they want anyway.


Rejection is tough to accept. Feeling can be easily hurt. Please take this into consideration when rejecting someone. It might help to approach it as though you are going to break up with someone, making sure not to hurt their feelings but yet not giving them hope for a reunion. For example:
“Sorry, its not you its me”
“Look, I am not in a good place right now, I want to just be alone for a while”
“I just want you to be happy”
“You deserve better”
“I know we danced last night, but that was then, this is now”

For the rejectee, just accept it and move on. It doesn’t help to reply:
“But why?”
“Just tell me why”
“Give me one good reason”
“I can change”
“Look, I’ll be right here. Let me know if things change”
“But I thought we meant something”
“You suck”


This is when leaders or followers end the tanda early and then finish it off with someone else. This is bad business. What makes it worse is that in order to facilitate this trade, one usually has to make eye contact and cut a deal with the new partner while still on the dance floor with the original partner! I’ve seen this happen at the milonga and all I can say is that this is “shady, shady, shady”. Like I mentioned in rule # 5: Invitations to dance should happen during the cortinas (the minute of ambient music that is played between the tandas).


Every now and then I will be invited by a lady to dance and I will politely refuse because I will be in the process of doing something that prevents me from dancing with her at the moment (getting a drink, taking a rest, on my way to the bathroom to change shirts, etc. etc.) This is when the lady will sometimes pull out the “dance with me now” card by saying “But I’m leaving the milonga in 5 minutes”. This makes me uncomfortable because now I feel pressured to dance with her right then and there. What makes matters worse is when I do succumb to the pressure, I dance with the person, and the person DOES NOT LEAVE THE MILONGA! I think a lot of people agree with me when I say that if you are going to use the “dance with me now” card by claiming that you are about to leave, then I better not see you at the coat rack at the same time as me at the end of the night.

Also, resist the urge to use excessive force when asking for a dance, ie grabbing your target and dragging him or her to the floor while exclaiming “Let’s dance! Let’s dance!” You should give the other person a choice of whether or not to dance with you, being polite and civilised about it. Bottom line: The dance is not enjoyable if the inviter (male or female) pressures the invitee. People want to dance out of pleasure, not duty.


Because rejection can be hard to take, one method devised by some ladies of communicating to the men that they are not accepting invitations at the moment is to take their shoes off. This serves as ‘proof’ that they really are taking a break, should anyone ask them. All they have to do is raise up the bare foot ‘white flag’. They can rest the balls of their feet from those 4 inch heels and not get hassled by potential dance partners. (On the flip side, they can also make a guy feel great if they do decide to dance when asked and say ‘let me put my shoes back on for you’.)


Pay attention to your potential partner’s body language when you are getting ready to ask them for a dance. There are non-verbal signals that you should try to clue in to. Gentlemen, if you are headed towards a woman and she sees you and quickly turns away, reaches down to fiddle with her shoe strap, digs in her purse endlessly – it means she DOESN’T WANT TO DANCE. If she even jumps up and heads for the ladies room, don’t persue her and grap her shoulder as she flees thinking ‘maybe she didn’t see me’. If she notices you and maintains eye contact, or smiles, or waves, or in general looks pleased that you are headed her way, then by all means ask her! If you are not sure, go over and say hello, and judge by her reaction whether she wants to dance.

You can look around the room as well and guess which people are wanting to dance. If they are sitting or standing right by the dance floor, looking intently and wistfully at the dancers, looking around to catch the attention of potential partners, etc, then they are most certainly available. If they are sitting with all their attention focused on their companion, deep in conversation, eating, enjoying a drink and looking otherwise very comfortable where they are, approach with caution. See if you can catch their eye. If they look away, then save your invitation for later. Yes, this is a version of the cabeceo. If someone is in the midst of an animated conversation, do not hang around in the periphery of their vision, tapping your foot, waiting for the split-second when they pause for breath to interject your invitation. Ask someone else.


Maybe some people will think this is very old-fashioned but I think it is nice: When you approach a couple who are dating or married and they are sitting together, it is nice to ‘ask permission’ of the other when you want to ask one of them to dance. Often it is the man asking the other man for ‘permission’ to dance with his lady. This is not because the man ‘owns’ the woman or because the woman needs her date’s permission. It is simply showing the courtesy of acknowledging the other human at the table when you come to take their companion away. I think it is rude to come up to a couple and ask one person without even saying ‘hello’ or ‘excuse me’ or ‘may I?’ to the other. This rule of course only applies if the couple is actually seated together. And this rule also applies to women asking permission of another woman to dance with her man. Ladies, if a gentleman is standing with his arm around his significant other and you come up and ask him, make sure to greet both people, don’t just grab him and drag him away. Yes, this happens, and yes it is rude.

Most of these rules may seem like they shouldn’t need to be laid out, but you would be surprised. Anytime someone violates these rules, its because they are letting their ego get the the best of them. In the end, we are all tango music lovers and we all love to dance, and we all must learn to get along at the milonga. Being aware of, sensitive to, and in tune with another person are what partner dancing is all about. Use these skills off the dance floor as well as on.


20 responses to “The Do’s and Don’ts of Inviting and Accepting

  1. Pingback: Es wird viel geschrieben über den Tango « Tangosohles virtuelle Gesprächsrunde·

  2. I started dancing when I was four (mostly ballet), but have only danced the tango for a few months. Because I have so many years of dance training, I can often follow a good lead through quite a lot of steps/combinations that I’ve never actually learnt and don’t really know. Unfortunately, not every good dancer is a good lead, and things can go seriously awry when a lead expects that I can do something with him that I’ve done with someone else. He’s not being unreasonable; clearly I can do it, whatever it is, but I don’t know it so I can’t necessarily do it with him. This sometimes leads to a tetchy lead and a not very pleasant dance. When I’m asked to dance, especially when I’m asked to dance by the more advanced leads, do I tell them that I’m a beginner for all practical purposes, and if so, how can I convince them that I’m not being modest or disingenuous?

  3. I find that this post, though also in general tango etiquette, is very sexist, and also embodies the “consumer” approach that followers have towards leaders. Firstly, if you want to dance with someone, just go ask. There is no reason why anyone should hang around a milonga, dance tandas, and then leave feeling self conscious. Secondly don’t be so condescending towards leaders, it is way more difficult for a beginner leader than follower. iIf someone asks you to dance but isn’t the best dancer you should always be gracious and try to teach them, rather than “rejecting” them in pursuit of a more advanced leader, so that you can selfishly try to improve on your own skills. This ideology of follower selectivity has led to the strict hierarchy among leaders and correspondingly the severe lack of good leaders, and also their machoness and arrogance. After all, everyone begins somewhere, and in any case teaching is always the best path to finding areas where you yourself need improvement.

    • As I do both roles, I agree that it is hard to be a beginner at a milonga. Some people encourage beginners to stay away from milongas until 6 mos (forgive the arbitrary time frame), although I think it’s good to bring friends sooner if you want them to get hooked. I feel strongly that it’s NOT ok to teach, either as a leader or a follower, anyone else at a milonga, regardless of their level. Teaching someone else can make them feel self-conscious and is definitely bad for floorcraft and atmosphere. Giving unasked for advice is bad ettiquette in many circumstances, especially tango. It’s presumptuous to assume that the person wants my advice when I’m not a professional teacher. I will dance with beginner leaders at milongas, graciously, to build to new connections. I will reject them more often at milongas, too, if I don’t enjoy dancing with them yet. I think your comment applies more to practicas, and even there, it’s only appropriate to give advice when asked. I wish more people asked, both leaders and followers, at practicas, and that no one felt entitled to comment at milongas. It’s seriously awkward to tell someone you don’t want to hear their comments, particularly at a milonga where you are there to work with the skills you already have. If someone offers me advice at a milonga, I will seriously pause before I consider dancing with them again.

      • I lead. Whether or not I am any good is a judgement left entirely to my follow. If she smiles I am pleased. For those three or four dances this lady in my arms is the most magnificent and beautiful creature on the planet: If she is a terrific dancer (and we have some) she makes me look great: If she is a beginner , it falls to me to make her look great. It is my humble opinion that you can have a perfectly respectable dance with nothing more complicated than a grapevine, back ochos and perhaps a rock step. I don’t teach and try not to advise unless asked. I will dance with anyone; I prefer females. The last and normally the first tanda is normally with my wife. We are a small tango community so offending people is not something easily overcome.

  4. I also find several of the selected ‘rules’ quite sexist and, frankly, socially obsolete (although, in a different way than Leader). I thought that in the modern world, where social roles are not defined as men vs. women, where both men and women of the tango world often exercise both roles (leader and follower), and where the term ‘couple’ does not necessarily imply some sort of ownership of one member over another, asking for a permission from a date/spouse to invite someone should not be listed as a ground rule. It’s humiliating for the follower (are they not capable do accept or decline a dance on their own?!), and can be offensive for the date/spouse who is treated as a jealous and mistrusting macho.

  5. I think this is a great post. I would add something onto number 12: do not approach a couple after the milonga, glare at one person, and complain about not getting to dance with the other. My significant other and I don’t live in the same city, and when we are able to go to a milonga together, this happens a lot. I can tell you that when other women complain openly and petulantly about my own boyfriend dancing with me, it is not very nice to put it mildly.

  6. Great post. I do not find it sexist. Many guys I know hate being asked to dance. That is why some do not go to milongas where they are asked. Or they go with a girlfriend to prevent women asking him. Dance is one are that the old rule applies-man, the leader, is the one who asks. Guys do the cabeceos first…ladies reply. Or, in other countries, ask ladies to dance. Women who asks to dance take off part of the magic.

  7. I agree it is polite guys ask “permission” for my partner before asking me to dance. It is courtesy. And I agree guys should be sensitive and read body language. When we – my special someone and I-are in a new milonga and feel both like dancing with other people we do not hold hands, sit too close…unfortunatelly guys feel discouraged to ask me to dance just because we entered the place together…even after he took other ladies to dance. One solution I found for this problem is arriving 5 minutes earlier than he..only way guys would dance with me. Only exception to this rule -that men do not invite any stranger lady when she is with s man even when she gives many clues she wants to dance-was in Lyon. Every other city we both visited i danced only if kept far from him. The world in machist. Lol. But sometimeswhen we are in milongas…close…in a romantic mood…holding hands..embracing…other guys should not come snd invite. In some milongas or in certain dates we just want to be the two of us. Body langusge tells all. 🙂

  8. Great post Ney, and as you say enabling women to take more control of their dance and hopefully ‘pull up’ the standard of the poorer leaders.

    One thing though, using the cabaceo during the cortina doesn’t allow one to select partners depending on the music. It assumes we will just dance to anything. I would always wait for the first bar of the new track 🙂

  9. Surely the penalty box only applies when the lady makes an excuse: “Sorry, I’m tired”, “Sorry, I don’t like the music”, “Sorry, my feet hurt”, and does not apply when a lady says “No thanks”.
    Of course, the penalty box issue is irrelevant where cabeceo is used 🙂

  10. Good idea to write this all down for those who have no idea how to behave at a milonga, but I strongly disagree with number 4… NO PENALTY BOX, as you call it! Saying No to someone is not something to be punished, it’s hard enough as it is to turn someone down. If you don’t want to dance with someone that is entirely up to you. You don’t need to explain yourself or to pay some kind of penance. UNLESS you ahve given a fake reason (sore feet, going home, need a pee etc) in which case, yes, it would then be polite to not immediately show this for the lie it was by dancing with someone else. But in general. Say no all you feel you need to, no penalties (except perhaps missing out on a potentially lovely unknown partner!)

  11. I loved your post Ney. I think that if you follow the “untold” rules you will always be seeing as a courteous person. Furthermore it can be practised by anyone that call themselves modern, upfront or grown-up person as well as for those that can see that traditions cannot been overlooked as merely cultural factor. Sometimes takes a good long while to understand how smart they can be. In my opinion, it makes tango approachable and universal.

  12. The cabeceo solves all this because it’s not verbal. If you feel nobody’s using the cabeceo it’s probably because they don’t want to dance with you, sorry. Try dressing better, washing yourself, and improving your dance to slowly build a reputation. Earning a cabeceo can take years.

    By standing ten feet away (or more) you create an opportunity for the lady to decline for what ever reason, without charades. What you “want” is for her to “want” to dance with you. When you both “want” it, it means you agree. This is the razor sharp edge the tango balances on, agreement. Seriously, Ney Melo, you have a lot of influence now. Just use the cabeceo.

  13. Pingback: A New Tango Etiquette Proposal (or, “This Might Not Be a Popular Opinion”) | Jenn Does It All·

  14. Pingback: The Do’s and Don’ts of Inviting and Accepting | Ney Melo - Tango Aalborg 'El Abrazo'·

  15. Pingback: Nicht für die Schule… | tangoblogblog·

  16. I am new to Tango and attended few Milongas so far but i could so much relate to everything in this article already 🙂

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